Federal Firearm Laws

No Firearms Allowed - Federal Prohibited Areas
It is ILLEGAL, even if you have a concealed firearm permit, to carry a firearm in any prohibited area listed under Federal Law.

Prohibited Areas Include:
• Federal Facilities which includes any building that is owned, leased or rented by the Federal Government, and any part of a building that the Federal government has rented for office space, but only covers the office and part of the building they have control over, where Federal employees are regularly present for the purpose of performing their official duties.
• Federal Courts including the courtroom, judges’ chambers, witness rooms, jury deliberation rooms, attorney conference rooms, prisoner holding cells, offices of the court clerks, the United States attorney, and the parole offices, and adjoining corridors of any court of the United States.
ALL buildings in National Parks/National Forests. You must abide by the laws of the state where the park/forest is located.
• Department of Veterans Affairs
• Military Bases (Utah Army Nation Guard members are exempt on Utah owned installations)
• Post Offices Including Parking Lots
• U.S. Army Corps of Engineers Property.
You CAN have unloaded firearms in your vehicle and request a "permission letter" from the district commander allowing you to conceal carry for the term of your visit on USACE property.

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Indian Reservations:
Native American land is controlled by tribal law. You must check with each tribe before taking a firearm on their land. Some Tribes consider federal and state highways through their property as being under their control.
See Indian Reservations here

Utah Prohibited Areas:
See Utah Prohibited Areas here

ATF Gun Free School Zone Notice
Generally, it is unlawful for any individual to knowingly possess a firearm within a school zone. A school zone is defined as being within a distance of 1,000 feet from the grounds of a public, parochial, or private school. This prohibition does not apply to the possession of a firearm on private property not part of school grounds such as an FFL's business premise (e.g, commercial storefront, residence, or driveway) The Gun Free School Zone does NOT apply in Utah

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ATF Gun Free School Zone Notice which provides information about firearms near to or in school zones

Purchasing Firearms From A Federal Firearm License (FFL) Dealer

• There is no waiting period to purchase a firearm from a Federal Firearms License Dealer (FFL) such as a gun store, online retailer, gun show, pawn shop, etc. and no limit to how many firearms can be purchased at a time.
• To purchase a firearm from an FFL dealer you must complete an ATF Form 4473 which is provided by the dealer.
• The $7.50 background check fee is waived for all Utah residents who provide a valid Utah "standard" or "provisional" concealed firearm permit.

It is LEGAL for a person at least 18 years old to purchase a rifle or shotgun.
It is LEGAL for a resident of another state who is at least 18 years old to purchase a rifle or shotgun, but the nonresident is required to comply with the laws of the state in which they live including any firearm, magazine capacity restrictions, "Assault Rifle" bans, etc.
It is LEGAL for a person at least 21 years old to purchase a handgun and must show proof of Utah residency.
It is LEGAL for a parent or guardian to purchase a handgun, rifle and/or shotgun as a gift for a juvenile who is less than 18 years of age. However, the minor may only receive and possess handguns with the written permission of a parent or guardian for limited purposes e.g., employment, ranching, farming, target practice or hunting as stated in 18 U.S.C. 922(x).  See minors with firearms and 76-10-512.
It is LEGAL for an alien legally in the U.S. to purchase a firearm unless the alien is admitted into the U.S. under nonimmigrant visa and does not meet one of the exceptions as provided in 18 U.S.C. 922(y)(2), such as possession of a valid hunting license or permit.
It is LEGAL to purchase a firearm as a gift for another person. See question 11a Actual Transferee-Buyer on the ATF Form 4473. Click for picture

It is ILLEGAL for an 18 years old to purchase a handgun from an FFL dealer. See purchasing and selling firearms through private sales in the section above.
It is ILLEGAL for a resident of another state to purchase a handgun in Utah unless the person is a member of the Armed Forces on active duty and his/her permanent duty station is currently in Utah and he/she must list both his/her permanent duty station address and his/her residence address in response to question 2 on the ATF Form 4473 and show the dealer a copy of the members active duty orders showing Utah is his/her current permanent duty station.
It is ILLEGAL to purchase a firearm for another person, even if they are not a restricted person.
Example: Mr. Smith asks Mr. Jones to purchase a firearm for Mr. Smith. Mr. Smith gives Mr. Jones the money for the firearm. This is considered a Straw Purchase, a Federal Felony with a penalty of ten years in jail and a fine of up to $250,000. See question 11a Actual Transferee-Buyer on the ATF Form 4473. Click for picture

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National Firearms Act (NFA) Firearms & Suppressors
It is LEGAL to purchase and possess NFA firearms such as Fully Automatic, Short Barreled Rifle (SBR), Short Barreled Shotgun (SBS), Suppressors, etc. as long as it is registered with the Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco, Firearms, and Explosives (ATF) and the possession and transportation are in compliance with all state and federal laws.


Traveling/Moving With An NFA Item Or Suppressor?
If you are traveling/moving out of state it must be a state that allows private ownership of NFA firearms and/or suppressors

NFA firearm(s): You are required to submit the ATF Form 5320.20 Application to Transport Interstate or to Temporarily Export Certain National Firearms Act (NFA) Firearms AT LEAST 45 DAYS BEFORE you travel/move. You are required to have this form returned from the ATF with approval to travel with the NFA firearm(s).
Suppressors: Although it's not required, it's highly recommended that you submit the ATF Form 5320.20 prior to traveling or moving with a suppressor. If you are driving or flying, keep the current form you have with you AND a copy of the new form you filled out.

• If a contract or common carrier is used to transport the NFA firearm(s)/suppressor a copy of ATF Form 5320.20 shall be furnished to the carrier and shall be in the possession of the carrier for the duration of the transportation. This will meet the requirements of sections 922(e) and (f) of the Gun Control Act of 1968.

ATF Form 5320.20
Application to Transport Interstate or to Temporarily Export Certain National Firearms Act (NFA) Firearms

Airports & Flying With Firearms And Ammunition
It is LEGAL to have firearms in a vehicle in the parking lot of an airport and to carry a firearm in an airport non-secure area such as the airline ticket counters and baggage claim.
It is ILLEGAL to possess any dangerous weapon, firearm, or explosive in airport secure areas as defined in 76-10-529.
• Traveling with firearms and ammunition must comply with all State and Federal laws, Transportation Security Administration (TSA) rules and airline regulations.

There is a lot of VERY important information including specific information about transporting firearms and ammunition on an airplane that you need to know.

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Shipping Firearms & Ammunition
It is LEGAL to ship firearms and ammunition but must be done in compliance with federal laws and by the shipping companies policies.

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Federal Emergency Powers
It is ILLEGAL for anyone, including law enforcement, to confiscate legal firearms and ammunition during a disaster.

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United States Code 18 §922 - Unlawful Acts
See all laws under this section.

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