Federal Prohibited Areas

It is ILLEGAL to carry a firearm in any prohibited area listed below, even if you have a concealed firearm permit

Federal Buildings
Examples: United States District Courts, Social Security Administration buildings, Internal Revenue Service (IRS) buildings, United States Forest Service (USFS) and all buildings in National Parks and Forests.

There MUST be a sign posted where you can see it at each public entrance to each Federal facility. If there is not, you cannot be convicted of an offense, unless you had actual notice.

Penalties:
§3571. Sentence of fine
§3581. Sentence of imprisonment

• Knowingly possesses or causes to be present a firearm or other dangerous weapon:
Class A Misdemeanor
Imprisonment of not more than 1 year
Fined not more than $100,000
• Uses a firearm or other dangerous weapon in a crime, or attempts to do so:
Class D Felony
Imprisonment of not more than 5 years
Fined not more than $250,000
• Knowingly possesses or causes to be present a firearm or other dangerous weapon in a Federal court facility, or attempts to do so:
Class E Felony
Imprisonment of not more than 2 years
Fined not more than $250,000

§102-74.440 What is the policy concerning weapons on Federal property?
Federal law prohibits the possession of firearms or other dangerous weapons in Federal facilities and Federal court facilities by all persons not specifically authorized by 18 U.S.C. 930. Violators will be subject to fine and/or imprisonment for periods up to five (5) years.


18 U.S. Code § 930 - Possession of firearms and dangerous weapons in Federal facilities
(a) Except as provided in subsection (d), whoever knowingly possesses or causes to be present a firearm or other dangerous weapon in a Federal facility (other than a Federal court facility), or attempts to do so, shall be fined under this title or imprisoned not more than 1 year, or both.
(b) Whoever, with intent that a firearm or other dangerous weapon be used in the commission of a crime, knowingly possesses or causes to be present such firearm or dangerous weapon in a Federal facility, or attempts to do so, shall be fined under this title or imprisoned not more than 5 years, or both.
(c) A person who kills any person in the course of a violation of subsection (a) or (b), or in the course of an attack on a Federal facility involving the use of a firearm or other dangerous weapon, or attempts or conspires to do such an act, shall be punished as provided in sections 1111, 1112, 1113, and 1117.
(d) Subsection (a) shall not apply to—
(1) the lawful performance of official duties by an officer, agent, or employee of the United States, a State, or a political subdivision thereof, who is authorized by law to engage in or supervise the prevention, detection, investigation, or prosecution of any violation of law;
(2) the possession of a firearm or other dangerous weapon by a Federal official or a member of the Armed Forces if such possession is authorized by law; or
(3) the lawful carrying of firearms or other dangerous weapons in a Federal facility incident to hunting or other lawful purposes.
(e)(1) Except as provided in paragraph (2), whoever knowingly possesses or causes to be present a firearm or other dangerous weapon in a Federal court facility, or attempts to do so, shall be fined under this title, imprisoned not more than 2 years, or both.
(2) Paragraph (1) shall not apply to conduct which is described in paragraph (1) or (2) of subsection (d).
(f) Nothing in this section limits the power of a court of the United States to punish for contempt or to promulgate rules or orders regulating, restricting, or prohibiting the possession of weapons within any building housing such court or any of its proceedings, or upon any grounds appurtenant to such building.
(g) As used in this section:
(1) The term “Federal facility” means a building or part thereof owned or leased by the Federal Government, where Federal employees are regularly present for the purpose of performing their official duties.
(2) The term “dangerous weapon” means a weapon, device, instrument, material, or substance, animate or inanimate, that is used for, or is readily capable of, causing death or serious bodily injury, except that such term does not include a pocket knife with a blade of less than 2½ inches in length.
(3) The term “Federal court facility” means the courtroom, judges’ chambers, witness rooms, jury deliberation rooms, attorney conference rooms, prisoner holding cells, offices of the court clerks, the United States attorney, and the United States marshal, probation and parole offices, and adjoining corridors of any court of the United States.
(h) Notice of the provisions of subsections (a) and (b) shall be posted conspicuously at each public entrance to each Federal facility, and notice of subsection (e) shall be posted conspicuously at each public entrance to each Federal court facility, and no person shall be convicted of an offense under subsection (a) or (e) with respect to a Federal facility if such notice is not so posted at such facility, unless such person had actual notice of subsection (a) or (e), as the case may be.

Department of Veteran Affairs

Penalty:
Class B Misdemeanor
Imprisonment of not more than 6 months
Firearms: Fined not more than $500
Knives (see below): Fined not more than $300

CFR Title 38 - PART 1 - § 1.218 Security and law enforcement at VA facilities.
(a) Authority and rules of conduct. Pursuant to 38 U.S.C. 901, the following rules and regulations apply at all property under the charge and control of VA (and not under the charge and control of the General Services Administration) and to all persons entering in or on such property. The head of the facility is charged with the responsibility for the enforcement of these rules and regulations and shall cause these rules and regulations to be posted in a conspicuous place on the property.
(13) Weapons and explosives. No person while on property shall carry firearms, other dangerous or deadly weapons, or explosives, either openly or concealed, except for official purposes.

(b) Schedule of offenses and penalties. Conduct in violation of the rules and regulations set forth in paragraph (a) of this section subjects an offender to arrest and removal from the premises. Whomever shall be found guilty of violating these rules and regulations while on any property under the charge and control of VA is subject to a fine as stated in the schedule set forth herein or, if appropriate, the payment of fixed sum in lieu of appearance (forfeiture of collateral) as may be provided for in rules of the United States District Court. Violations included in the schedule of offenses and penalties may also subject an offender to a term of imprisonment of not more than six months, as may be determined appropriate by a magistrate or judge of the United States District Court:
(37) Possession of firearms, carried either openly or concealed, whether loaded or unloaded (except by Federal or State law enforcement officers on official business, $500.
(39) Possession of knives which exceed a blade length of 3 inches; switchblade knives; any of the variety of hatchets, clubs and hand-held weapons; or brass knuckles, $300.

National Cemeteries
§ 553.1 Definitions. As used in this part, the following terms have these meanings:
Army National Military Cemeteries. Arlington National Cemetery and the U.S. Soldiers' and Airmen's Home National Cemetery.

Arlington National Cemetery     -     U.S. Soldiers' and Airmen's Home National Cemetery

32 CFR 553.33 Visitors rules for Army National Military Cemeteries.
(c) Conduct within Army National Military Cemeteries. Army National Military Cemeteries are a national shrine to the honored dead of the Armed Forces, and certain acts and activities, which may be appropriate elsewhere, are not appropriate in Army National Military Cemeteries. All visitors, including persons attending or taking part in memorial services and ceremonies, shall observe proper standards of decorum and decency while in an Army National Military Cemetery. Specifically, no person shall:
(14) Possess firearms without prior written permission from the Executive Director. This prohibition does not apply to law enforcement and military personnel in the performance of their official duties. In accordance with locally established policy, military and law enforcement personnel may be required to obtain advance permission from the Executive Director of the Army National Military Cemeteries prior to possessing firearms on the property of an Army National Military Cemetery.

Military Bases
No firearms are allowed even if unloaded and secured in a vehicle. Some military bases have shooting clubs. You may be able to take firearms onto the base to shoot if allowed by the base. Certain rules/regulations must be met, so ensure you check at each for specific rules on shooting clubs.
It is LEGAL for Utah Army Nation Guard (ANG) Members to possess firearms in thier vehicle, open carry and carry concealed (with a concealed firearm permit) on Camp Williams and other state-owned military installations. The National Guard and National Guard Bases are controlledd by the State, not Federal Government.

Post Offices
Postal regulations prohibit the possession of firearms in their buildings, parking lots and on any property they own.
This DOES NOT include post office windows in stores (contract stations) such as Harmon's Grocery Stores.

Penalty:
§3571. Sentence of fine
§3581. Sentence of imprisonment
Class C Misdemeanor
Imprisonment of not more than thirty days
Fined not more than $5,000

39 CFR 232.1 - Conduct on postal property.
(l) Weapons and explosives. No person while on postal property may carry firearms, other dangerous or deadly weapons, or explosives, either openly or concealed, or store the same on postal property, except for official purposes.
(p)(2) Whoever shall be found guilty of violating the rules and regulations in this section while on property under the charge and control of the Postal Service is subject to a fine as provided in 18 U.S.C. 3571 or imprisonment of not more than 30 days, or both. Nothing contained in these rules and regulations shall be construed to abrogate any other Federal laws or regulations or any State and local laws and regulations applicable to any area in which the property is situated.

Note:
In 2013 a man named Tab Bonidy sued the USPS arguing the prohibition on storage of firearms on USPS property was unconstitutional in violation of the Second Amendment. He lost his case and the prohibition stands.
See Tab Bonidy: National Association for Gun Rights, Plaintiffs-Appellees/Cross-Appellants v. Bonidy v. U.S. Postal Serv., 790 F.3d 1121 (10th Cir. 2015) cert denied, 136 S. Ct. 1406, 194 L. Ed. 2d 550 (2016)

U.S. Army Corps of Engineers Property (USACE)
The Corps builds and runs flood control and navigation Dams. The Corps has jurisdiction over the Dam Site and usually, all waters backed up by the dam.
USACE property starts at the first signage upon approaching the project area, but the entire property lines are not marked and can include a large area away from the lake.

It is LEGAL to have firearms unloaded and secured in a vehicle while on Corps Property
Notice: The U.S. District Court for the District of Idaho has a temporary injunction against the Corps of Engineers (Morris v. US Army Corps of Engineers) to not enforce their Rules against defensive firearms on Corps Property. This is not the buildings or Dams the Corps operates but the open areas of that property and the waters backed up by Corps Dams. Though this ruling was by a U.S. District Court in Idaho the ruling should cover all Corps Property Nationwide.
A legal representative for the Corps has stated that it is commonly accepted that they will not harass or search private vehicles for weapons/firearms or any other prohibited item without obvious and serious cause to do so and that within their boundaries they do have full authority to do so even in the state park or other facility located inside their boundaries (boat docks, marinas, launch ramps, lake houses, cabins, etc.).

It is LEGAL to possess:
• Loaded firearms
• Ammunition
• Loaded projectile firing devices
• Bows and arrows
• Crossbows
• Other weapons
IF
1. You are a Federal, state or local law enforcement officer;
2. It is being used for hunting or fishing as permitted under § 327.8, with devices being unloaded when transported to, from or between hunting and fishing sites:
3. Being used at authorized shooting ranges; or
4. Written permission has been received from the District Commander.

It is LEGAL to carry a concealed firearm:
You MUST obtain a "permission letter" from the district commander allowing you to conceal carry for the term of your visit to the recreation area/lake as described in § 327.13 Subsection 4 (see below).
This does not allow you to carry into Federal facilities or violate other state or federal laws.

Permission Letter To Carry A Concealed Firearm
1. Find out which district (not division) of COE controls the property you wish to visit.
2. Send a message via their website to General Info link and Security link.
3. Enjoy freedom papers!

Example Letter To Use As A Template
Hello,
I will be traveling to "LOCATION" in "MONTH" and plan to be on USACE property from "DATE" through "DATE". I have a valid concealed firearm permit issued by the state of Utah ", which has reciprocity with STATE (if outside Utah)". I would like to inquire about obtaining from the "LOCATION" District Commander / District Chief of Operations a 'Permission Letter' allowing me to carry firearms while on USACE property during my visit.
My request is being made pursuant to the USACE memorandum dated May 14, 2018, allowing District Commanders or District Chief of Operations (if the authority is delegated to them) to grant such requests and issue such letters while still adhering to 36 C.F.R. § 327 (a)(4).
A link to the USACE Memorandum and Sample Letter is below.
https://corpslakes.erdc.dren.mil/employees/cecwon/pdfs/18May14-FirearmsPossessionGuidance.pdf

Thank you. I look forward to your response.
"YOUR FULL NAME"
"YOUR FULL MAILING ADDRESS"

Title 36 - Parks, Forests, and Public Property
Chapter III - CORPS OF ENGINEERS, DEPARTMENT OF THE ARMY (Parts 300 - 399)

§ 327.13 Explosives, firearms, other weapons and fireworks.
(a) The possession of loaded firearms, ammunition, loaded projectile firing devices, bows and arrows, crossbows, or other weapons is prohibited unless:
(1) In the possession of a Federal, state or local law enforcement officer;
(2) Being used for hunting or fishing as permitted under § 327.8, with devices being unloaded when transported to, from or between hunting and fishing sites;
(3) Being used at authorized shooting ranges; or
(4) Written permission has been received from the District Commander.
(b) Possession of explosives or explosive devices of any kind, including fireworks or other pyrotechnics, is prohibited unless written permission has been received from the District Commander.

§ 327.8 Hunting, fishing, and trapping.
(a) Hunting is permitted except in areas and during periods where prohibited by the District Commander.
(b) Trapping is permitted except in areas and during periods where prohibited by the District Commander.
(c) Fishing is permitted except in swimming areas, on boat ramps or other areas designated by the District Commander.
(d) Additional restrictions pertaining to these activities may be established by the District Commander.
(e) All applicable Federal, State and local laws regulating these activities apply on project lands and waters, and shall be regulated by authorized enforcement officials as prescribed in § 327.26.

§ 327.25 Violations of rules and regulations.
(a) Any person who violates the provisions of the regulations in this part, other than for a failure to pay authorized recreation use fees as separately provided for in § 327.23, may be punished by a fine of not more than $5,000 or imprisonment for not more than six months or both and may be tried and sentenced in accordance with the provisions of section 3401 of Title 18, United States Code. Persons designated by the District Commander shall have the authority to issue a citation for violation of the regulations in this part, requiring any person charged with the violation to appear before the United States Magistrate within whose jurisdiction the affected water resources development project is located (16 U.S.C. 460d).

§ 327.26 State and local laws.
(a) Except as otherwise provided in this part or by Federal law or regulation, state and local laws and ordinances shall apply on project lands and waters. This includes, but is not limited to, state and local laws and ordinances governing:
(3) Use or possession of firearms or other weapons;